Project Description

Baccharis

Baccharis halimifolia

Common Names: Groundsel, Bush Groundsel, Groundsel Bush, Florida Groundsel Bush, Groundsel Tree, Consumptionweed, High-tide Bush, Salt-Bush, Salt marsh-elder, Sea Myrtle, Silverling, Buckbrush (Baccharis halimifolia).

Photographs of Bachharis by Bob Peterson with thanks.

This shrub is quite common and can be quite invasive in coastal areas and wetlands and salt marshes. It is found along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of North America
from Texas to Massachusetts. It is now also in cultivation in Europe, Australia and New Zealand.
The Bush Groundsel has white fluffy flowers and these flower-heads do not have any ray florets (=the typical petals of the common daisy).
Separate male and female flower-heads are produced on separate plants. The male flower-heads appear a bit earlier and don’t have the fluffy appearance of the female flower-heads. The colour is also not as white, but a bit more creamy yellow.
The seeds of the female plants are poisonous if eaten, but the roots and leaves are safe and have even been used to brew for healing purposes. The roots are fragrant and the waxy leaves are dark green and oval in shape.

More Information:

Listed below are some more categories describing this particular daisy plant.

Baccharis does well in all types of soil: dry or moist, light or heavy. It prefers good drainage and can grow in soil that is nutritionally poor. It can also be grown successfully in coastal and windy areas. It doesn’t grow in a shady position, it can only thrive in full sun. It is moderately drought tolerant.

Suitable for woodland gardens, hedging and for planting in marshes and coastal areas.
Baccharis flowers from August to September and bears fruit from October to November.
It grows up to a size of 3.5 m (11ft) by 3.5 m (11ft) at a medium rate.
The flower colour is white. The leaf colour is silver/gray. The fruits are silvery white.
Baccharis is fully hardy to USDA Hardiness zone: 5-10.
The genus Baccharis is named after Bacchus, which is the Roman god of wine.
This plant has winter interest due to the white fruits it bears during the winter months, its unusual form and showy winter trunk.
Be aware that some species of Baccharis are toxic and not safe for animals. The seeds are poisonous. It seems that B. coridifolia is particularly bad in that respect.
The roots are fragrant. The plant is attractive to birds, bees, butterflies and moths.